Laravel Best Practices 2021 – Let’s Stealth Your Website with Ease

By Ronak Patel   |   30 December, 2019
Laravel Best Practices 2021 – Let’s Stealth Your Website with Ease

With the Smartphone market flourishing at a rapid speed, the demand for applications and websites is not going to go low in the coming years. So for all good reasons, it would be nice if you have a better idea of different development frameworks out there. There are different web development platforms, and new ones are released frequently. So you should have the knowledge, which can help you quickly adapt to them. Laravel is one of such popular PHP frameworks we have for our web development needs.

Web development is all about the chaos in a room, and Laravel has been specially developed for web developers to bring calmness in their work. Apart from helping you speed up development and organize things easily, Laravel also comes with a number of tools to help you with neat development.

With such amazing features like routing, sessions. caching and authentication, Laravel is now considered as one of the most popular PHP framework while handling complex web applications Securely. If we look at the stats then

152,419 is the total number of live websites built on Laravel in the market.

0.34% is the Market Share of Laravel among all websites in the market.

To make Laravel development a breeze, you need to follow the best practices from time to time. Here in this post, we will be taking up the opportunity to discuss some of such best practices that you should follow in your Laravel project.

Best Practices for Laravel Development

1. Use the Latest Version

It is always recommended that you make use of the latest version of Laravel for the website. When you make use of the latest version of Laravel in your project, you will be able to have a web solution that is highly-performing and secure.

The Laravel team had recently announced the release of Laravel 6 in September 2019. This release marks the start of the Laravel framework (laravel/framework) using Semantic Versioning. Also, this release includes compatibility with Laravel Vapor, improved authorization responses, job middleware, lazy collections, sub-query improvements, among many other improvements.

Currently, the latest Laravel version, which you can make use of for your project, is laravel version 6 which is also compatible with Laravel VaporA serverless deployment platform for Laravel, powered by AWS.

Also the Version 7 is expected to be released in February 2020. However, before you upgrade your Laravel Version, make sure about the compatibility issues with other technologies. Like Laravel 7 upgrade its underlying Symfony components to the 5.x series, which is now also the new minimum compatible version. Not only that, but the minimum PHP version support is now 7.2.5.

The next step you had to do is to edit your laravel/framework dependency to ^7.0 in your composer.json file and then examine any 3rd party packages consumed by your application and verify you are using the proper version for Laravel 7 support.

2. Maintain Coding Standards

Just like any other PHP framework, Laravel also follows internal code development standards. Now, as long as you can be sure to keep your variables compatible with the composer, there is no restriction from the side of Laravel for you to follow the coding standards. Still, it has been recommended by the experts that you follow the PSR-2 and PSR-4 coding standards for your project.

The PSR-2’s purpose is to have a single style guide for PHP code that results in uniformly formatted shared code. The PSR-4 describes a specification for autoloading classes from file paths. It is fully interoperable, and can be used in addition to any other autoloading specification. PSR- 4 describes where to place files that will be autoloaded according to the specification.

Further you can use tools like GrumPHP to improve Laravel Coding Standard.

3. Use Artisan CLI

You get to enjoy a smooth web development process by making use of laravel’s own artisan CLI or command-line interface which uses the Symfony Console component as its foundation. Now, if you wish to enjoy an even better web development process, then you should go for the best artisan CLI. Such an artisan CLI will affect the web development process in a very positive manner. In case you are trying to follow the best practices for your project, you should make use of this tool for your project.

Artisan commands also helps in task scheduling and triggering action(s) on the occurrence of an event.

For example : , you can fire an Artisan command from an HTTP route by using Artisan facade:

Route::get('/foo', function()
{
   $exitCode = Artisan::call('command:name', ['--option' => 'foo']);
   //
});

Here are some helpful Artisan CLI commands that speed up the overall development process: Here are some code as follows.

php artisan config:clear

and then

php artisan config:cache

This will combine all of the configuration options for your application into a single file, limiting the IO request and be loaded quickly by the framework.

php artisan route:clear

and then

php artisan route:cache

This command does the same thing but for the routes. It helps in reducing the overall time required for the computation of routes. Make sure not to use it if you have any closure based routes.

php artisan optimize

This command optimizes the autoloader and compiles all your views

4. Use Plugins Wisely

In case you are using large numbers of plugins and services in your Laravel web solution, then it is high time you remove the ones which are not needed. You can always disable the plugins which are not required for your project only by taking the help of the developer. Such a step will not disturb the rest of the functions that are running in the website or web solution.

 

There are 203,108 repository results seen on Github when you search for Laravel.

 

5. Using Eloquent ORM

One of the best features that you can have for your Laravel website is an eloquent ORM. This is used to extract the data, which then, through a single query, will be displayed to the end-users. The facility to take care of the naming convention of your model is one of the best practices which you need to follow when you are developing the website using Laravel. When you ensure to follow this rule, you will be able to make sure that the web solution you are promoting will not have to face issues related to eloquent.

6. Use SSL,HTTPS

You must make use of SSL certificates in your Laravel project. SSL is used by developers to keep sensitive information encrypted over the internet. This way, when data is sent to a person, only that person will be able to access it and decrypt it. In short, SSL makes the information unreadable to everyone else, the recipient.

Another thing that you need to make use of your Laravel website is HTTPS. You should make use of HTTPS instead of standard HTTP if your website contains very sensitive information. This is very important as the former option will send all such information like passwords, customer information in plain text over the network. Such a thing will make your application or website vulnerable to attacks.

7. Keep Database Clean

One of the best practices you need to follow for your Laravel web development is to keep the database clean. You must keep your database in Laravel as clean as possible. When we say fresh, we mean by clearing out all the old cache files present in the database. This is done while keeping session files intact. In case your website is taking regular backups, then it will be stored in the database. You should make it a point to clear out all the old backups which are no longer needed.

Laravel Development Services

8. Use CDN

CDN or Content Delivery Network is a network of servers that are spread across geographically. CDN possesses many nodes, and each node caches the static content, which is present on the website like structural components, CSS or JS files, and images. This means the time taken to load the website decreases significantly when you make use of CDN as all the static content will be displayed quickly.

 

You can find the list of TOP CDN and compare its Performance from CDNPerf.

 

9. Optimize Images

If your Laravel project contains a large number of copies, then you must keep them optimized. The webpage with images which are not optimized will take much amount of time to load. So, remove the pictures which are not needed and adjust the size of the rest images in a way that it does not take much time to load and display.

10. Check and Optimize Load Time

The bounce rate increases probably to 32% when the page load speed goes from 1 second to 3. This means that you need to increase the page load speed of your website. Page load time is directly connected with web performance. It is the key thing which directly impacts the user experience and user engagement. So based on the information above, if your website takes more than 3 seconds to load, it will make the users impatient, and later, they will leave your website. They will look for options elsewhere and may never return to your site. So you must optimize your website in terms of page load and offer a user experience that will boost traffic to your site.

11. Take Routine Backup

One of the best practices which you should follow for your Laravel project is to take regular backup of your website or application. This will make sure that you have the latest copy of your website available to you when needed. So if your project update goes wrong or you end up deleting some important information, you will always have the latest copy to restore your project to its original position. Backup can be scheduled on an everyday basis or at the interval of some hours.

12. Restrict Admin Access

Who should be accessing what should be your concern? When you are following the best practices for Laravel development, don’t forget to look into authentication and authorization. There should be different levels of authentication set so that only the needed information will be made accessible to the person. The authentication can be authorized based on the seniority and importance that the user enjoys within the organization.

13. Update PHP Version Regularly

When it comes to Laravel, it is one of the important PHP frameworks you can have in there. The website performance greatly depends on PHP. It plays a crucial role in getting the right data from the database and wrapping it up in CSS and HTML and finally delivering the completed output to the users. So if PHP doesn’t work up to the expectations, then everything will suffer. Every PHP update comes with some improvements, and new versions of it hit the market regularly. Keeping your PHP updated will increase the efficiency of your Laravel site.

14. Use Strong Credentials

Keeping strong credentials is very important for the security of your website. This is important because you, as admin, will not be the only person accessing the site. There are other users who are wanted to use the website through the use of credentials. So for all the right reasons to keep your website secure, you should implement a strong password policy in there. By going for such credentials, you will be able to ensure you have strong login credentials, which will not be easy to be hacked. This step will add a layer of security for your site.

15. Use Trusted Security Tools

The frequency of cyber-attacks is increasing at great speed across different business domains daily. Such attacks increase the expenditure cost of businesses. This means it becomes important to look for vulnerabilities across the website and resolve them before they become fatal. For the same, you need to make use of trusted security tools on your site. Such tools can be used to resolve issues as well as to prevent more damage occurring to your site. You will be able to safeguard your website from malware and other malicious attacks by using the right security tools.

Wrapping it up

Laravel is one of the popular PHP frameworks out there, which is used for website and application development. To ensure you have the best website built, you need to follow certain best practices throughout the web development phase. Following best practices will ensure that you are moving ahead in the right direction in your Laravel project.

Ronak Patel

Ronak Patel is a CEO and Founder of Aglowid IT Solutions, an ever-emerging Top Web and Mobile Development company with a motto of turning clients into successful businesses. He believes that Client's success is company's success and so that he always makes sure that Aglowid helps their client's business to reach to its true potential with the help of his best team with the standard development process he set up for the company.

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