Python Optimization: Performance, Tips & Tricks in 2022

By Saurabh Barot   |   16 March, 2022
Python Optimization: Performance, Tips & Tricks in 2022

Quick Summary:

Python optimize code is concerned with selecting the optimal option for developers from various viable options. Python is one of the most popular web and AI development programming languages because it is dynamic, versatile, and easy to learn. This article will go through some optimization processes and patterns in Python that might help you enhance the performance of your Python projects.

Python has evolved into a versatile and dependable programming language for modern computer needs since 1991. Python is a versatile programming language used for web development, software prototyping, data analysis, and much more. One of the best features of this language is how simple it is to learn and how consistent it is across a wide range of applications. The popularity of python is astounding, as evidenced by the following statistics.

  • According to Statista, 48.24% of developers use Python globally.

satista python programming language

python stackoverflow

  • From Google trends, it can be concluded that there are approx of 67 queries regarding python.

google trends python programming language

Now that we know the popularity of Python let’s look at the issues faced while working with python. Common Python Performance Issues

Common Python Performance Issue.

Before we get into the python optimization tips and tricks, it’s critical to look into the reasons that cause Python to be slower than its competitors.

Python Performance Issue

1. Python Speed Issues

Many hardware features were created with the hardware available at the time in mind. Adapting the language design to accommodate advancements in hardware technologies is a time-consuming undertaking. Although python applications can already be torn down and rebuilt, making changes can improve its core design, making it compatible with future Python versions.

2. Python is an interpreted Language

Python is frequently interpreted, which is one of the most significant differences between it and other languages. Interpreted languages are slower than compiled languages because each command requires more machine instructions to execute than their compiler counterparts. In compiled languages, executables are created ahead of time and usually contain byte code or its equivalent, requiring no further compilation to run the program.

Python, on the other hand, necessitates constant interpretation. When .pyc files are compiled, there is some byte code caching that occurs. However, because java and.net employ Just-In-Time-Complier, there are no mah for these languages (JIT). PyPy was designed with JIT in mind, and the benefits are clear: it runs 4-5 times quicker than regular CPython.

3. Python is Dynamically Typed

One of the best features of Python is that you don’t have to define the type of a variable each time you declare it. This is a relatively popular Python code type:

Test = 0
Test = "bear"
Test = {"Yellow" : "Fellow"}

However, such a proclamation will have a significant impact on the language’s performance. The interpreter in dynamically typed languages like Python has no idea what kind of variables are defined when the program is run. This means that more work will be required to identify the type of data stored in a variable in Python before it can be used in a statement. For example, suppose we had such a piece in C:

int a = 0;
int b = 1;
int sum = a + b;

In Python, we have an equivalent:

a = 0
b = 0
sum = a + b

The C code would consistently outperform the Python version in terms of performance. This rationale is that when a variable’s data type is explicitly declared to the runtime environments, it can easily apply optimizations related to various data types to increase efficiency. Furthermore, when a variable is accessed, the runtime is not necessary to evaluate the type of data contained in it. This information is already known to it, which eliminates a large number of otherwise duplicate actions. This means that many extra steps are necessary when addressing such scenarios in dynamically written languages like Python, which reduces the environment’s efficiency.

4. Python can  cause Inefficient memory utilization

Because Python objects lack correct types, performing simple activities necessitates performing several redundant actions. However, there is another significant difficulty with Python lists of objects. Lists are stored differently in Python than traditional arrays; a list object in Python contains a reference to a contiguous array of references in memory. These links will take you to the actual data. This can lead to a tangled situation, similar to this:

Python List

NumPy Arrays, which are objects built around primitive C arrays, were created to combat this. As a result, their structure is essential, and changing and accessing data is a breeze.

NumPy Array

5. Doesn’t support Concurrency

This isn’t so much a setback as it is an area where Python could have improved. Most programming languages allow you to take advantage of the several processing cores that current machines come equipped with. While multi-core processing is complex, it does provide significant performance gains. It also provides for better load balancing in the case of high-performance jobs, resulting in a more pleasant user experience.

Concurrent access to a variable must be closely controlled, which is one of the significant challenges this behavior brings. Situations like race conditions, deadlock, and livelock, if not managed effectively, can render a functioning application unusable in seconds. To prevent this, the concept of locks is employed. A lock is used to prevent multiple threads from accessing sensitive variables at the same time.

The CPython runtime, on the other hand, implements a lock called the GIL (Global Interpreter Lock) that prevents any two threads from operating at the same time. In systems with single-core CPUs, this usually makes little difference. However, it negates the advantage of having a multi-core processor because only one code may be used at any given moment. One thing to remember is that there is always space for improvement.

Now that we’ve learned about the most typical python optimization concerns, we can go on to the next step. Let’s look at how Python performance can be measured.

Also Read: – Python Best Practices to Follow in 2022

Methods to test python performance

If you’ve never done performance testing before, you might be unsure where to begin. Typically, we’ll capture a timestamp of the code before and after it runs and when we run our code snippet. Let’s look at a few approaches for evaluating the performance of python code.

Here it is divided into 2 parts:

  1. Performance Testing by Brute Force
  2. Performance testing using libraries & Profilers.

Methods for Evaluating The Performance of Python Code

Performance Testing with Brute Force

You may use the DateTime module in Python to accomplish this:

import datetime
start_time = datetime.datetime.now()
# insert code snippet here
end_time = datetime.datetime.now()
print(end_time - start_time)

This solution, of course, leaves a lot to be desired. It merely gives us one data point, for example. We’d like to run it a few times to get an average or lower bound.

Performance Testing using Libraries & Profilers

Libraries included are :

  1. timeit
  2. line_profiler
  3. memory_profiler
  4. cProfile library

Performance Testing Using Libraries & Profilers

1. timeit Library

You have the option of having all of the time crap abstracted away with the addition of perks. Take a look at the timeit library. The timit library has two main ways to test code: command line and inline.

To test code that uses the timeit library, you must use either the timeit or the repeat methods. Both are fine, but the repeat feature gives you a bit more control.

[(a, b) for a in (1, 3, 5) for b in (2, 4, 6)]

In this example, we’re creating a list of pairs from two tuples. To test it, we may use the timeit function:

import timeit
timeit.timeit("[(a, b) for a in (1, 3, 5) for b in (2, 4, 6)]")

If everything goes as planned, this snippet will execute a million times and report an average execution time. You can, of course, alter the inputs and the number of iterations.

import timeit
timeit.timeit("[(a, b) for a in (1, 3, 5) for b in (2, 4, 6)]", number=1000)

Using the repeat function, the process is repeated numerous times.

import timeit
timeit.repeat("[(a, b) for a in (1, 3, 5) for b in (2, 4, 6)]")

The function produces a list of execution times rather than an execution time. The list will contain three different execution times in this situation. We don’t need all of those times; all we need is the shortest execution time to determine the snippet’s lower bound.

import timeit
min(timeit.repeat("[(a, b) for a in (1, 3, 5) for b in (2, 4, 6)]"))

2. line_profiler

The second library we’ll look at is called line profiler, and it has a little different application than the others. You can get one-of-a-kind solutions with the line profiler library. You may get the execution time of each line in a file using the line profiler module. If you’re having difficulties limiting down slow routines or if a third party calls the larger file, this is quite handy.

Instead of going through line after line of dense code, seeing the time spent on each line allows you to quickly spot the faults.

The normal usage of line profiler can be a little puzzling at first, but after a few uses, it becomes second nature. You must add the @profile decorator to each function in order to profile it. For a better understanding, consider the following example.

#!/usr/bin/env python3
# test.py
import time
@profile
def long_function():
    print('function start')
    time.sleep(5)
    print('function end')
long_function()

Isn’t it straightforward? That’s because you don’t need to import anything or change your code to use a line profiler; all you have to do is add the decorator. You must do two things outside of code to use line profiler:

kernprof -l test.py
python -m line_profiler test.py.lprof

Line profiler will be run on your file and a separate. lprof file will be generated in the same directory as the first command. The results of this.lprof file can generate a report using the module itself in the second command. Let’s have a look at the second command’s output:

Timer unit: 1e-06 s
Total time: 5.00472 s
File: test.py
Function: long_function at line 6

Line #      Hits         Time  Per Hit   % TimeLine Contents
==============================================================

6                                           @profile

7                                           def long_function():

8         1         15.0     15.0      0.0      print('function start')

9         1    5004679.0 5004679.0    100.0      time.sleep(5)

10         1         21.0     21.0      0.0      print('function end')

The statistics for each line of the profiled functions are listed. Because we spend so much time in long function sleeping, which consumes nearly all of the execution time, you’ll be able to quickly establish where you should focus your efforts, whether it’s refactoring or speeding up the slow jobs.

3. Memory_profile

Memory profiler is similar to line profiler, except it concentrates on producing statistics about memory utilization. When you run a memory profiler on your code, it gives you a line-by-line breakdown, focusing on total and incremental memory usage by line.

We’ll use the same decorator structure to test our code as we did in the line profiler. Here’s a modified version of the sample code.

#!/usr/bin/env python3
# test.py
@profile
def long_function():
    data = []
    for i in range(100000):
        data.append(i)
    return data
long_function()

In the preceding example, we establish a test list and populate it with many integers. This gradually expands the list, allowing us to track the increase in memory usage over time. Run the following command to see the memory profiler report:

python -m memory_profiler test.py

This should generate the following report, which contains memory statistics on a line-by-line basis:

Filename: tat.py

Line #    Mem usage    Increment  Occurences   Line Contents

============================================================

3   38.207 MiB   38.207 MiB           1   @profile

4                                         def long_function():

5   38.207 MiB    0.000 MiB           1       data = []

6   41.934 MiB    2.695 MiB      100001       for i in range(100000):

7   41.934 MiB    1.031 MiB      100000           data.append(i)

8   41.934 MiB    0.000 MiB           1       return data

As you can see, our function uses roughly 38MB of memory at first and then climbs to 41.9MB once our list is filled. Although the resource library provides memory consumption metrics, it does not provide a thorough line-by-line breakdown like a memory profiler. This is the way to go if you’re looking for a memory leak or dealing with a particularly fat application.

4. cProfiler

Other profiling tools, such as cProfile, can be used in addition to timeit and brute force. We can use cProfile to collect runtime statistics from a portion of code, just like we can with timeit. cProfile, on the other hand, is a lot more thorough. For instance, we can use the same list comprehension as before.

import cProfile
cProfile.run("[(a, b) for a in (1, 3, 5) for b in (2, 4, 6)]")

As a result of output, you can get a report that looks like this.

4 function calls in 0.000 seconds

Ordered by: standard name

ncalls  tottime  percall  cumtime  percall filename:lineno(function)

1    0.000    0.000    0.000    0.000 <string>:1(<listcomp>)

1    0.000    0.000    0.000    0.000 <string>:1(<module>)

1    0.000    0.000    0.000    0.000 {built-in method builtins.exec}

1    0.000    0.000    0.000    0.000 {method 'disable' of '_lsprof.Profiler' objects}

We obtain a fabulous table with a lot of helpful information in this section. Each column decomposes a different runtime segment, and each row denotes a function that was executed. The listcomp> function, for example, was called once (ncalls) and took 0.000 seconds (tottime), ignoring subfunction calls. Check out the following analysis of all six columns to understand everything else in this table:

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  • ncalls

The number of times a specific method was invoked. This number can be expressed as a fraction (e.g., 3/1). The first value represents the total number of calls, and the second value represents the number of primitive calls (not recursive)

  • Tottime

Total time spent performing the function, excluding calls to subfunctions

  • Percall

The ratio of tottime to ncalls is called per call (first) (i.e., the average amount of time spent in this function excluding subfunctions)

  • Cumtime

Includes call to subfunctions, the total amount of time the function spent executing

  • Percall

The proportion of cumtime calls to primitive calls (i.e., the average amount of time spent in this function)

  • Filename:lineno(function)

The requested filename, line number, and function

As you can see, cProfile allows you to see within a code snippet. Of course, you won’t receive fine-grained timings, so this is more of a supplement than a replacement for timeit. cProfile would be ideal for substantial profiling scripts. That way, you’ll be able to see which functions need to be improved.

Also Read: – Python Vs Java

Python Optimization Tips & Tricks

These tips and tricks for python code performance optimization lie within the realm of python. The following is the list of python performance tips.

Python Optimization Tips & Tricks includes

1. Interning Strings for Efficiency.

Interning a string is a technique for storing only one copy of each unique string. We can also have the Python interpreter reuse strings by modifying our code to cause string interning. When we construct a string object, the python interpreter usually decides whether or not the string should be cached. The interpreter’s underlying essence comes out in particular circumstances, such as when processing identifiers.

Declaring a string with a name that begins with a letter or an underscore and contains solely or combinations of letters, underscores, and integers causes Python to intern the string and generate a hash for it. Python contains a lot of internal code that uses dictionaries, which causes it to execute a lot of identifier searches. As a result, interning the identification strings accelerates the entire procedure. Simply said, Python stores all identifiers in a table and created unique keys (hashes) for each item for future lookups. This optimization happens throughout the compilation process. It also includes the intertwining of string literals that seem like identifiers.

As a result, it’s a beneficial feature in Python that you may take advantage of. This type of functionality can aid in processing massive text mining or analytics applications because they necessitate regular searches and message flip-flopping for bookkeeping.

The auto-interning in Python does not include strings read from a file or received through network communication. Instead, you can delegate this work to the intern() function responsible for handling such situations.

2. Peephole Optimization.

Peephole optimization is a method that optimizes a small segment of instructions from a program or a section of the program. This segment is then known as <Peephole> or <windows>. It helps in spotting the instructions that you can replace with a minified version.

With the example below, we can get comprehensive knowledge of Python deals with peephole optimization.

Example 1:

A function in the example initializes two of its members. One of them is a string, and the other is a number. Following that, another code attribute is added to the function, with the default value of. The intriguing thing is that the four literal(s) will remain as constants in your memory. Please see the graphic below for further information.

You can notice that we used the constant. code .co consts> in the accompanying screenshot. It’s one of three tuples that every Python function object holds. In Python, a function is also an object. It is made up of the three tuples listed below.

  1. The <__code__.co_varnames>: Holds local variables including parameters.
  2. The <__code__.co_names>:Stores global literals.
  3. The <__code__.co_consts>:References to all the constants.

Example 2:

We’re using the “in” operator to find a specific element in a set in this example. Python will recognize that the set is being used to validate an element’s membership. As a result, regardless of the size of the set, it will consider the instructions as a constant cost operation. And it will handle them faster than a tuple or a list would. In Python, this is referred to as membership testing. Please see the screenshot attached.

3. Use Generators and Keys for Sorting.

Generators are a fantastic way to save space in your memory. They make it easier to write functions that return one thing at a time (the iterator) rather than all at once. When you’re making a long list of numbers and adding them all up, this is an excellent illustration.

You should also use keys and the default sort() function as feasible when sorting items in a list. Check that the list is sorted according to the index specified in the critical parameter in the following example. Strings can be treated in the same way.

import operator

test = [(11, 52, 83), (61, 20, 40), (93, 72, 51)]
print("Before sorting:", test)

test.sort(key=operator.itemgetter(0))
print("After sorting[1]: ", test)

test.sort(key=operator.itemgetter(1))
print("After sorting[2]: ", test)

test.sort(key=operator.itemgetter(2))
print("After sorting[3]: ", test)

Output

Before sorting: [(11, 52, 83), (61, 20, 40), (93, 72, 51)]

After sorting[1]:  [(11, 52, 83), (61, 20, 40), (93, 72, 51)]

After sorting[2]:  [(61, 20, 40), (11, 52, 83), (93, 72, 51)]

After sorting[3]:  [(61, 20, 40), (93, 72, 51), (11, 52, 83)]

4. Optimizing Loops.

Most programming languages emphasize the need for optimizing loops. We do have a mechanism to make loops run faster in Python. Consider the way of prohibiting the usage of dots within a loop, which many programmers overlook.

There are a few looping-supporting building components in Python. The employment of a “for” loop is common among these few. While you may enjoy employing loops, they do come at a price. The Python interpreter expends a lot of time deciphering the for loop construct. As a result, it’s always better to use built-in constructions like Maps to replace them.

Following then, the level of code optimization is determined by your understanding of Python’s built-in capabilities. We’ll try to illustrate how different structures can aid in loop optimization in the instances below.

4.1. Examples for Optimizing a Loop in Python.

Example:

Consider a function that utilizes a for loop to update a list of Zipcodes, trims the trailing spaces, and updates the Zipcodes list.

newZipcodes = []
for zipcode in oldZipcodes:
newZipcodes.append(zipcode.strip())

Look at how you can use the map object to convert the above into a single line. It’ll also be less expensive now.

newZipcodes = map(str.strip, oldZipcodes)

List comprehensions can even be used to make the syntax more linear.

Zipcodes += [iter.strip() for iter in newZipcodes]

Finally, converting the for loop into a generator expression is the quickest method.

itertools.chain(Zipcodes, (iter.strip() for iter in newZipcodes))

4.2. Let’s See What have We Optimized?

As previously stated, the fastest technique to optimize the for loop in the given use case is to use generator expression (and in general). We’ve combined the code from four different instances so you can see how each strategy improved performance.

import timeit
import itertools

Zipcodes = ['121212','232323','434334']
newZipcodes = ['  131313 ',' 242424   ',' 212121 ','  323232','342312  ',' 565656 ']

def updateZips(newZipcodes, Zipcodes):
    for zipcode in newZipcodes:
        Zipcodes.append(zipcode.strip())

def updateZipsWithMap(newZipcodes, Zipcodes):
    Zipcodes += map(str.strip, newZipcodes)

def updateZipsWithListCom(newZipcodes, Zipcodes):
    Zipcodes += [iter.strip() for iter in newZipcodes]

def updateZipsWithGenExp(newZipcodes, Zipcodes):
    return itertools.chain(Zipcodes, (iter.strip() for iter in newZipcodes))

print('updateZips() Time            : ' + str(timeit.timeit('updateZips(newZipcodes, Zipcodes)', setup='from __main__ import updateZips, newZipcodes, Zipcodes')))

Zipcodes = ['121212','232323','434334']
print('updateZipsWithMap() Time     : ' + str(timeit.timeit('updateZipsWithMap(newZipcodes, Zipcodes)', setup='from __main__ import updateZipsWithMap, newZipcodes, Zipcodes')))

Zipcodes = ['121212','232323','434334']
print('updateZipsWithListCom() Time : ' + str(timeit.timeit('updateZipsWithListCom(newZipcodes, Zipcodes)', setup='from __main__ import updateZipsWithListCom, newZipcodes, Zipcodes')))

Zipcodes = ['121212','232323','434334']
print('updateZipsWithGenExp() Time  : ' + str(timeit.timeit('updateZipsWithGenExp(newZipcodes, Zipcodes)', setup='from __main__ import updateZipsWithGenExp, newZipcodes, Zipcodes')))

Output:

updateZips() Time            : 1.525283

updateZipsWithMap() Time     : 1.4145331

updateZipsWithListCom() Time : 1.4271637

updateZipsWithGenExp() Time  : 0.6092696999999996

5. Use Set Operations.

Python manages sets through hash tables. When we add an element to a set, the Python interpreter uses the hash of the target element to determine its location in the RAM allotted for the set.

Because Python resizes the hash table automatically, the speed remains constant (O(1)) regardless of the size of the set. This is what allows the set operations to run more quickly.

Union, intersection, and difference are examples of set operations in Python. As a result, you can try incorporating them into your code when appropriate. These are frequently faster than going through the lists one by one.

   Syntax       Operation    Description

------       ---------    -----------

set(l1)|set(l2) Union      Set with all l1 and l2 items.

set(l1)&set(l2) Intersection Set with commmon l1 and l2 items.

set(l1)-set(l2) Difference   Set with l1 items not in l2.

6. Avoid Using Globals.

Excessive or haphazard use of globals is frowned upon in practically all programming languages. The reason for this is that they may have unintended consequences that result in the Spaghetti code. Furthermore, Python is relatively slow when it comes to accessing foreign variables.

It does, however, allow for limited use of global variables. The global keyword can be used to declare an external variable. Also, before utilizing them inside loops, make a local duplicate.

7. Use External Libraries/Packages.

Some Python libraries have a “C” equivalent that has the same functionality as the original. They run quicker since they are written in “C.” Try using cPickle instead of a pickle as an example.

Then you can use Cython>, which is a static optimizing compiler for both Python and C++. It’s a Python superset that adds support for C functions and types. It instructs the compiler to generate code that is both quick and efficient.

Consider utilizing the PyPy package as well. It comes with a JIT (Just-in-time) compiler that allows Python code to dash. You may even adjust it to give it a boost in processing power.

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8. Use Built-in Operators.

Python is a high-level abstraction-based interpreted language. As a result, whenever possible, you should use the built-ins. Because the built-ins are precompiled and quick, it will improve the efficiency of your code. Long iterations with interpreted steps, on the other hand, become pretty sluggish. Similarly, use built-in tools such as the map, which boost speed significantly.

9. Limit Method Lookup in a Loop.

Instead of calling a method on the object, you should cache a method call when working in a loop.  With the help of the following example, you will be able to grasp the concept.

>>> for it in xrange(10000):

>>>    myLib.findMe(it)

>>>findMe = myLib.findMe

>>> for it in xrange(10000):

>>>    findMe(it)

10. Optimizing with Strings.

Concatenating strings is slow, therefore don’t do it inside a loop. Instead, use the join method in Python. Alternatively, you can utilize the formatting tool to create a unified string.

RegEx operations in Python are quick because they are delegated to C code. Basic string techniques such as isalpha(), isdigit(), startswith(), and endswith() perform better in some instances.

The <timeit> module can also be used to test different ways. It will assist you in determining which strategy is the most efficient.

11. Optimizing with If Statement.

Python, like most programming languages, supports lazy-if evaluation. It indicates that if there are many ‘AND’ conditions, not all of them will be tested if one fails.

  1. You can modify your code to take advantage of Python’s behavior. For example, if you’re looking for a specific pattern in a list, you can narrow the scope by adding the following condition.Add a ‘AND’ condition that returns false if the target string’s length is smaller than the pattern’s length.You can also test a quick condition (if there is one), such as “string should start with a @” or “string should end with a dot.”
  2. Instead of using <if done!= None>, you can test a condition like < if done is None>.

Also Read: – Ruby vs Python

Tools for Python Optimization

As we have established already, Python is a robust, high-level general-purpose programming language with many use cases and potential benefits. There are many market-tested and popular Python Optimization tools that can be leveraged for truly bringing out the full potential of Python programming and reducing development time while improving the efficiency and accuracy of your Python projects. Here is a curated list of top 5 Python performance optimization tools you can use:

Python Optimizations Tools

1. DeepSource

DeepSource analyses static code in various programming languages, including Python, Javascript, Golang, and others. DeepSource offers flexibility as well as the ability to do static analysis on Python code with simplicity. DeepSource creates a Configuration File that is stored in the repository, and the code is evaluated regularly.

Some of the Features of DeepSource include:

  • For continuous analysis, use a single-file configuration.
  • Code formats such as Black and AutoPep8 are supported.
  • Every pull undergoes a quality check.
  • Fixes for common problems that are automated
  • To test coverage, embed in CI/CD pipelines like Travis CI.

Features of DeepSource

Compared to other static code analysis tools, DeepSource has a low false-positive rate and a quick resolution time. DeepSource makes it simple for maintainers to assess framework-related issues by giving them access to them.

Aside from that, DeepSource makes it simple to work with private repositories. A private token is used to fetch the code with each pull request or commit. After that, the analysis is carried out in a separate environment. The analysis is then performed in a separate context. The codebase is purged once the analysis is finished, reducing the chance of security breaches.

2. Codacy

Codacy is another tool that delivers code coverage and review reports for various general-purpose programming languages, such as Python. Codacy addresses a wide range of concerns, including code coverage, duplication, and complexity. It aids developers in maintaining code quality and a clean code review.

Codacy has several characteristics, including:

  • Code review can be automated.
  • Examine the quality of the code over time.
  • Developers will benefit from automated resource suggestions.
  • To avoid noise, only new issues are taken into account.
  • Analyzes and commits each pull request separately.

Codacy Characteristics

The following are some of the disadvantages:

  • There is a lack of issue priority, which should assist developers in focusing their efforts.
  • There is no way to export code patterns.
  • It’s challenging to create setup pages.

Disadvantages of Codacy

Codacy, on the other hand, is a complicated setup that necessitates a lot of settings and has a high false-positive rate.

3. SonarQube

SonarQube performs automatic reviews by continuously inspecting code quality. Its Static Code Analysis Tool may detect Python defects, anti-patterns, and even security flaws. For effective code quality management, SonarQube is extremely simple to integrate with a CI/CD pipeline.

Two of SonarQube’s tools are used to implement the Code Analysis feature. The Sonar Scanner enables the analysis to be carried out, with the results being handled and saved on the SonarQube Server.

Features of SonarQube:

  • Detection of difficult situations Issues such as security flaws and defects in execution paths.
  • To automate the code review process, it provides access to webhooks and APIs.
  • Enforces a quality gate following the criteria and procedures.
  • Provides plugins for a variety of popular IDEs, reducing the need for the complete package.

Features of SonarQube

Some drawbacks include:

  • There is no way to set up automated analysis and notifications.
  • It is missing a feature that allows you to disregard issues that should not be solved.

Drawbacks of SonarQube

It’s challenging to set up SonarQube for a Python project because it necessitates the installation of packages and plugins to set up client analysis and server storage. To learn more about SonarQube settings for a Python project, consult the official documentation.

4. Veracode

Veracode is another popular Python code review tool. It not only scans for typical vulnerabilities and exposures, but it can also uncover flaws using static analysis, making it simple to report bugs and anti-patterns. Veracode also offers other services through its enterprise service, such as interactive and dynamic analysis.

The following are some of the essential features:

  • To make code quality checks easier, it provides developer tools, an API, and workflow integration.
  • Integration with DevOps processes is seamless.
  • Scanning with SCA agents to discover faults and vulnerabilities.
  • Keeps PyPi’s libraries and license up to date.
  • With each scan, it sends a risk score.

Features of Veracode

The following are some of the disadvantages:

  • It is not as simple as it appears. Setups for Continuous Integration
  • There is a lack of a user experience that is intuitive.

Veracode Disadvantages

5. Checkmarx

Checkmarx is a static code analysis and application security testing tool. It includes capabilities such as static application testing, runtime testing, interactive testing, and dependency scanning, which allows for quick scanning of source code and the elimination of flaws.

The following are some of the essential features:

  • Checkmarx SAST is used for static analysis and detecting security flaws.
  • Integrates with continuous integration and delivery pipelines.
  • The user interface is intuitive and straightforward to use.
  • Plugins for a variety of popular IDEs are available.

Checkmark features

The following are some of the disadvantages:

  • A high rate of false positives.
  • Scanning takes a long period during continuous integration.
  • The best thing about Checkmarx is that it comes with built-in support for most general-purpose programming languages. Checkmarx, on the other hand, has problems with false positives and a lack of support for huge codebases.

Checkmark disadvantages

Wrapping up!

We hope the Python performance optimization Tips and Tricks given in this article can help you build faster Python applications. These python optimization tips will help you run Python code more reliably at numerous levels of granularity, from profiling to data structures to string concatenation and memory optimization with the xrange function. These points were made to assist Python programmers in their day-to-day programming tasks and assist them in writing high-quality code.

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Saurabh Barot

Saurabh Barot is co-founder and Experienced Chief Technology Officer at Aglowid IT Solutions. His deep industry experience in Angular, React, Ruby on Rails, PHP, Mean Stack and just to name few, has helped the company reach to a new level. He believes that technology is all about exploring new possibilities. Whatever a mind can think (exception can't be ruled out), technology brings it into reality.

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