.NET vs JAVA in 2023, which one to choose?

By Saurabh Barot   |   22 September, 2022
.NET vs JAVA in 2023, which one to choose?

Quick Summary:

.NET vs Java are two popular programming languages for creating server-side, online, and desktop applications. Both platforms allow large-scale applications to be built using high-level programming languages. Microsoft .NET and Java are two popular programming languages that have been picked as significant solutions by various companies. Let’s compare the two and see which one is the most excellent fit for your project.

Because we can use both java and .NET to achieve the same development goals, there is often a misunderstanding about which technology is. While both Java and .NET are frequently referred to as frameworks, only .NET is a framework in the strictest sense. The ASP.NET web application framework is used by the .NET platform to allow professional .Net developers to construct online apps.

Let’s have a look at the critical distinctions between Java and .NET.

What is .NET vs Java?

Let’s start with understanding the basics of .NET vs java

What is .NET?

.NET is a Microsoft open-source framework aimed towards Microsoft users. The framework was designed specifically for Microsoft when it was initially released in 2002. This implies you won’t code or execute produced apps on Linux, Android, or iOS. It was also a closed-source system.

In 2016, Microsoft released .NET Core, which shifted the framework’s market position. Today, .NET 5 (formerly known as .NET Core) is the most popular framework since it is free of the limitations of earlier windows-only frameworks. .NET 5 has been successfully used to construct projects of varying levels of complexity.

.NET has first launched 19 years ago and is still quite popular; according to the StackOverflow Developer survey, it is the most popular framework and library in the other frameworks and libraries division, with 72.67 percent of the vote.

Popular framework and library

This framework supports C#, C++, F#, and more programming languages. And adheres to an object-oriented approach. Padigram .NET also includes the Common Language Runtime, which allows you to run compiled source code.

Features of .NET

  • Base class library
  • Common Language Runtime Engine
  • Interoperability
  • Language Independence
  • Portability
  • Security
  • Simplified deployment

Pros n Cons of .NET

Pros of .NET

  • Object-oriented programming
  • Visual Studio IDE
  • Impressive Caching system
  • Easier deployment & Maintenance
  • Cross-platform development support
  • Robust Community Support
  • Universal .NET standards
  • Automatic Monitoring Support

Cons of .NET

  • Prone to Memory leak
  • Less developer control
  • Stability issues
  • Slower than native code

What is Java?

Java is a cross-platform, general-purpose, class-based, and object-oriented programming language. Even though Java was introduced 26 years ago, it is still popular, ranking 5th in the StackOverflow developer survey with 35.35 percent.

Popular Programming Language

Java is a fascinating language to work with. You develop a program, which is subsequently compiled to bytecode and converted by the JVM to meet the needs of various devices. There are three versions of Java:

  • Java EE (Enterprise Edition)
  • Java SE (Standard Edition)
  • Java ME (Micro Edition)

As a result, a skilled java developer simply needs to write one code for all platforms.

Java is utilized in every industry you can think of, including eCommerce, IoT, finance, and big data, but it hasn’t yet achieved its peak in that field. CLU, Simula67, Lisp, Smalltalk, Ada, C++, C#, Eiffel, Mesa, Modula-3, Oberon, Objective-C, UCSD Pascal, Object Pascal were all influences on Java. Ada 2005, BeanShell, C#, Chapel, Clojure, ECMAScript, Fantom, Gambas, Groovy, Hack, Haxe, J#, Kotlin, PHP, Python, Scala, Seed7, Vala, JavaScript, JS++.

Features of Java

  • Reliable Language
  • Architecture Neutral
  • Supports Interpretation
  • Supports Multi-threading
  • Offers Garbage Collection
  • Develop distributed application
  • Platform Independent

Pros and Cons of Java

Pros ­of Java

  • Cheap and economical to maintain
  • Enhanced performance
  • Multi-threaded
  • Object-Oriented Programming
  • Secure language
  • Simple programming language

Cons of Java

  • Average UI/UX
  • Less machine interactive
  • Memory-consuming
  • No Unsigned Types
  • Single-Paradigm Language
  • Slow performance

.Net And Java Difference:

Factors .NET Java
Definition .Net is a cross-platform, open-source development framework that can develop various software applications. It works on Windows, macOS, and Linux. Java is a platform-independent object-oriented programming language that works on any programming language. It provides JVM ( Java Virtual Machine ), which makes it a portable language.
Developer Microsoft Sun Microsystem
Stable Version 4.8.0 Build 3928 Java SE 17
File Extension .Net Java
Efficiency Java gets converted to machine language only after execution of the code In .NET, the code is compiled and also run on the system where the code will be initiated
Server Components .NET, COM + Serviced EJBs
GUI Components .NET Class Java Beans
Talent Pool 38.4% of professional work with .NET 35.6% of professional work with  Java
Language Supports around 20 languages like: C#, VB.NET, C++, .NET, PHP, Ruby & more Java is a language by itself and doesn’t support any other language
Runtime CLR JVM
Platforms .NET, .NET core, ASP.NET, ASP.NET Core, Silverlight JavaSE, JavaEE
Data Access ADO.NET /OleDB JDBC
Messaging Queue MSMQ JMS (MQ Series, etc.), AMQP
LINQ Availability Supports LINQ Doesn’t support LINQ
XML System XML Xerces, Saxon, Jackson, and more.
HTTP Engine IIS Application Server  from Multiple Vendors, WebSphere, WebLogic, WildFly, Glassfish, Tomcat
Web services Support Built-in Built-in, JAX-WS
Unit Testing Microsoft Unit Testing Framework, JUnit JUnit
Web application Framework ASP.NET MVC, Spring.NET Spring, Spring Boot
Web Service Support Built-in Add-on
Web Server Scripting ASP.NET JSF
Garbage Collection Provides efficient garbage collection compared to java Provides less efficient garbage collection than .NET
Architecture .NET supports disconnected architecture Java supports connected architecture.
Exception Handling Easier exception handling Harder Exception Handling
Community Support 12.6K stars and 2K stars and forks respectively on GitHub 11.6K stars and 2.9K stars and forks respectively on GitHub

Difference Between Java And Dotnet: Key Differences

The critical differences between .NET vs JAVA are shown here for your convenience.

Technical Comparison

Following are the technical comparison between .NET vs JAVA

.NET vs JAVA: Operating System

One of the most significant differences between Java and .NET is that JAVA, through its compiler and JRE, can operate on any operating system, as it adheres to the “write once, execute anywhere” approach. .NET, on the other hand, is limited to Windows and its various versions. Although there are a few open-source versions of .NET, they all cater to Windows users. Java’s code can run on any platform, thanks to the JVM. Java has a significant advantage over .NET since it is platform-independent and portable.

.NET vs JAVA: Integrated Development Environment

The Java IDE comprises three parts: a code editor, a compiler, and a debugger. Eclipse, Intellij Idea, Oracle NetBeans, and, in addition, an Oracle Jdeveloper that is specifically developed for this purpose makes writing and testing code easier. These IDEs include built-in plugins and auto-fill options, which can increase java’s versatility while also providing opportunities for creativity.

The .NET platform, on the other hand, comes with Visual Studio, which aids in the editing, building, and running customization of API behavior through the use of library macros. Apart from that, developers do not need to test IDEs and other tools ahead of time.

Java vs Dotnet: Support for Languages

One of the essential aspects of Java is that it uses a single language for all platforms. Nonetheless, the software may run on a variety of operating systems. Python, Ruby, Groovy, Scala, and Kotlin are all supported by Java.

The .NET framework, on the other hand, can support backend languages like C# and C++. It currently supports over 20 languages. This allows you to program in any programming language of your choice, including VB.NET, C#,.NET, Perl, and many others. It is, nevertheless, quite handy for producing specific code for the Windows platform only.

As a result, it is possible to conclude that. However, .NET provides a multi-programming environment but supports a single platform, whereas java is based on a single programming language that supports various environments.

.NET Vs JAVA: Performance

When it comes to performance, java’s syntax is developed from c and c++. Therefore the two languages have a lot in common. On the other hand, Java is platform-agnostic, meaning that its code can be run on any platform.

.NET, on the other hand, provides a general-purpose and straightforward programming language that includes type checking, array bounds, garbage collection, and uninitialized variable checks. This increases the endurance, robustness, and efficiency of your system. Only the features of unchecked and checked expectations are arrayed in Java.

Dotnet vs java: Speed of Coding

Although Java has different threads to make handling and processing sequences of instructions easier, .NET remain the leader in terms of coding speed. Because .NET is an object-oriented technology with reusable components, producing the same software in .NET takes less time than designing the same app in Java.

.NET Vs JAVA: Scalability

After the application is fully deployed, both technologies are among the most stable. As a result, both JAVA and .NET are frequently employed for the creation of complex enterprise-level applications.

.NET Vs JAVA: Learning Curve

Both .NET vs JAVA are easy to learn. But if compared, it can be a little overwhelming to learn Java given the length of the documentation, whereas learning .NET is comparatively simple.

.NET vs JAVA: Syntax

Following are the syntax of .NET and JAVA

.NET Syntax

using system;
     class Program
           static void Main(string[] args)

Java Syntax

public class class_name 
     public static void main(String[ ] args) 

.NET vs JAVA: Security

In terms of comparing security, both technologies are secure. They support code signing and enforce an execution sandbox. Java is platform-agnostic, so the chances of security breaches are pretty high can be the reason for significant concern. Whereas, .NET provides more security than compared to java.

.NET vs JAVA: Example

The following are the examples for .NET vs JAVA.


using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
namespace ConsoleApp1
    class Program
        static void Main(string[] args)
             Console.WriteLine("Hello, world!");


/* This is a simple Java program.
FileName : "HelloWorld.java". */
public class HelloWorld 
     //Your program begins by calling the main().
     //Prints "Hello, World" to the terminal window.
     public static void main(String args[]) 
          System.out.println("Hello World");

.NET vs. JAVA: Licensing

.NET is a free, open-source platform with no licensing fees and free development tools for Linux, Windows, and macOS. There is no cost for compilers, libraries, and programming languages as open-source programming languages. There are no licensing fees for commercial use.

Whereas in Java, since the April 2019 java upgrade Java 8,9,10,11,14 are free for personal use and development. Any other use necessitates the purchase of a Commercial License. For Java SE, the subscription following are the products.

Oracle Java SE Desktop Subscription (On-Premises)

  • 1 Year Term Subscription combines Java SE Licensing and Support for use on Desktop deployments.
  • £23.96

Oracle Java SE Subscription (On-Premises)

  • 1 Year Term Subscription combines Java SE Licensing and Support for use on Desktops, Servers, or Cloud deployments.
  • £215.65 – £239.61

Oracle Java Development Tools Support (On-Premises)

  • Support for NetBeans, Oracle JDeveloper, and Oracle Enterprise Pack for Eclipse.
  • £958.44

.NET vs JAVA: Time-to-market

The size of your project has a significant impact on this attribute. Your time-to-market for developing a product can be greatly sped up by elements like readily accessible libraries, well-documented technologies, third-party APIs, and a sufficient pool of qualified developers. Everything that makes it possible for you to prevent writing new code from the beginning can be helpful in general. Java and. NET virtually identically matches the necessary code integration and reusability.

Non-Technical Differences

Following are some of the  non-technical differences that will give you some idea regarding rising popularity of both the technologies in the industry:

.NET vs JAVA: Market Overview & Popularity

Popularity is one of the key non-technical features that should be kept in mind while comparing technologies. Here we have compared .NET vs JAVA regarding Google trends and Stackoverflow developer survey 2022. Let’s look at StackOverflow Developer Survey and Google Trends to discover the popularity of .NET vs. Java.

 Google Trends

java vs .net google trends

In Google trends, we can see the number of queries asked in the last 5 years in worldwide. Here colour red represents the JAVA whereas, Blue color is representing .NET. It can be seen that as of 22 September 2022, there is an average of 72 queries for Java and 7 for. NET.

StackOver Flow

According to Stackoverflow survey 2022, Java has acquired the sixth position with 33.27% in programming, scripting, and markup languages.

JAVA vs DOTNET Developer Stackoverflow stats
Whereas.NET acquired the first position with 34.55% in the frameworks and library section.

JAVA vs DOTNET Developer Stackoverflow

.NET vs JAVA: Marketshare

According to SimilarTech, .Net powers 1,56,0837 webistes, whereas Java supports 63,804 websites.

dotnet vs java similartech

Marketshare by Top Websites

We can see above that ASP.NET is represented with blue, and Java is represented with Yellow. As you can see below, ASP.NET is leading in the Top 10k sites with 5.49%, Top 100k sites with 7.401%, Top 1M sites with 7.004%, and the Entire web with 2.23%. Whereas Java is lacking far behind in all segments. The Top 10k sites with 0.75%, Top 100k sites with 0.5%, Top 1M sites with 0.252%, and the Entire web with 0.091%.

dotnet vs java website marketshare similartech

.NET vs Java: Salary (As per talent)

Java vs dotnet salary comparision

The average income for a .NET Software Developer / Programmer in the United States is $105003. The minimum salary is $87762, and the maximum is $131,658.

  • Web Developer – $66,623 /yr
  • Lead Web Developer – $100,000 /yr
  • Senior Web Developer – $110,003 /yr

In the United States, the average income for a Java Developer / Programmer is $112,490. The minimum salary is $95,000, and the maximum is $146,250.

  • Junior Java Developer: $82,502 /yr
  • Intermediate Java Developer: $1,04,861 /yr
  • Senior Java Developer: $1,13,029 /yr

.NET vs Java: Salary (As per LinkedIn)

According to LinkedIn, there are 82,214 results for .net developers, whereas, for Java Developers, there are 1,60,744 jobs available.

JAVA Vs .NET: Usage Statistics

The following are the usage statistics of .NET vs JAVA according to the w3Tech.

Java vs dotnet w3tech

This diagram shows that:

  • ASP.NET is used by 7.6% of all the websites whose server-side programming language we know
  • ASP.NET is used by 10.2% of all the websites whose server-side programming language we know and that rank in the top 1,000,000 and so on
  • Whereas 4.5% of all websites use Java
  • Java is used in 5.1% of all the websites that rank in the top 1,000,000

This brings us to the end of the .NET and JAVA Comparison. Let’s see which one is better in comparison.

.NET Vs JAVA: Which Is Better?

After going through the difference between the two technologies, let’s find out which one is better while comparing them.

When to use JAVA over .NET

  • Java is a free and open-source programming language.
  • It has a more significant development community, which means more help forums and documentation.
  • Java’s IDEs have more plugins, which saves a lot of time during development.
  • JVM (Java, Scala, Clojure, and other languages) is considerably more widely used.
  • Exceptions in Java are more manageable.
  • Java competes with IoT by providing extensive libraries for developing embedded apps.
  • Java is great for developing error-free enterprise software because it has a mature and tight structure and performs run-time checks.

When to use .NET over JAVA

  • .NET Framework is ideal for creating Windows-specific systems
  • Allows developers to collaborate on the same project using different languages (C#, VB.NET, and C++)
  • Debugging is a breeze with .NET
  • The deployment of .NET apps are swift and effortless
  • The implementation of Ajax is basic and straightforward
  • .NET is fantastic for creating user interfaces
  • Azure is Microsoft’s cloud IoT and Big Data platform

How to choose between .NET vs JAVA

  • When deciding between these two technologies, the primary consideration should be availability. It’s more difficult to find .NET developers than it is to find Java developers. You should also consider the infrastructure you have available to support the website or app you’re creating with .NET.
  • It is a widely held belief that .NET is better suited to developing enterprise-level applications when it comes to open-source compatibility, Java outperforms .NET in terms of interoperability.
  • As more businesses use open-source solutions, Java has surpassed .NET in popularity. However, it’s worth noting that Microsoft is attempting to close the gap by integrating with other open-source alternatives.
  • Another consideration while deciding between the two is the expense. If you’re going to use Windows-based solutions and other Microsoft products, .NET is the way to go. If you choose Java, though, you’ll need to figure out what additional tools you’ll need for your project.

Where to use Java


Java is a general-purpose programming language, which implies it may be used in a variety of fields:

  • Android Applications
  • Enterprise Applications (widely used in government and consequently on modern applications like Pinterest & Spotify)
  • Web Applications (Google Docs, Gmail)
  • Softwares (Eclipse, Jira)
  • Embedded system

Where to use .NET


  • Web Applications and Website
  • Client Applications
  • Gaming
  • Enterprise development

Also Check – Top Java Frameworks to Use in 2023

Companies using .NET And JAVA


  • Uber
  • Airbnb
  • LinkedIn
  • Pinterest
  • Instagram
  • Slack
  • Netflix
  • Google


  • Accenture
  • Microsoft
  • StackOverflow
  • Starbucks
  • GoDaddy
  • Agoda
  • accuRx
  • DoubleSlash

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Final Decision : .NET vs JAVA

To summarize, .NET and JAVA are not mutually exclusive. Because both platforms offer nearly identical functionality and target the same market, it all comes down to dedicated developer abilities, underlying infrastructure, interoperability needs, and end-user environments.

Both technologies are helpful for major enterprise-level projects and have comparable applications. Although Java offers a larger community, more documentation, a larger skill pool, and more career opportunities, .NET performs better and includes tools for complicated user interfaces.

Still having trouble deciding which technology is appropriate for your project?. Book a free consultation with our experts, ensuring that you are directed in the appropriate direction and that your project is taken care of.

Get in Touch!

    Saurabh Barot

    Saurabh Barot is co-founder and Experienced Chief Technology Officer at Aglowid IT Solutions. His deep industry experience in Angular, React, Ruby on Rails, PHP, Mean Stack and just to name few, has helped the company reach to a new level. He believes that technology is all about exploring new possibilities. Whatever a mind can think (exception can't be ruled out), technology brings it into reality.

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