.NET vs JAVA in 2022, which one to choose?

By Saurabh Barot   |   5 January, 2022
.NET vs JAVA in 2022, which one to choose?

Quick Summary:

.NET vs Java are two popular programming languages for creating server-side, online, and desktop applications. Both platforms allow large-scale applications to be built using high-level programming languages. Microsoft .NET and Java are two popular programming languages that have been picked as significant solutions by various companies. Let’s compare the two and see which one is the most excellent fit for your project.

Because we can use both java and .NET to achieve the same development goals, there is often a misunderstanding about which technology is. While both Java and .NET are frequently referred to as frameworks, only .NET is a framework in the strictest sense. The ASP.NET web application framework is used by the .NET platform to allow professional .Net developers to construct online apps.

Let’s have a look at the critical distinctions between Java and .NET.

What is .NET vs Java?

Let’s start with understanding the basics of .NET vs java

What is .NET?

.NET is a Microsoft open-source framework aimed towards Microsoft users. The framework was designed specifically for Microsoft when it was initially released in 2002. This implies you won’t code or execute produced apps on Linux, Android, or iOS. It was also a closed-source system.

In 2016, Microsoft released .NET Core, which shifted the framework’s market position. Today, .NET 5 (formerly known as .NET Core) is the most popular framework since it is free of the limitations of earlier windows-only frameworks. .NET 5 has been successfully used to construct projects of varying levels of complexity.

.NET has first launched 19 years ago and is still quite popular; according to the StackOverflow Developer survey, it is the most popular framework and library in the other frameworks and libraries division, with 72.67 percent of the vote.

Popular framework and library

This framework supports C#, C++, F#, and more programming languages. And adheres to an object-oriented approach. Padigram .NET also includes the Common Language Runtime, which allows you to run compiled source code.

What is Java?

Java is a cross-platform, general-purpose, class-based, and object-oriented programming language. Even though Java was introduced 26 years ago, it is still popular, ranking 5th in the StackOverflow developer survey with 35.35 percent.

Popular Programming Language

Java is a fascinating language to work with. You develop a program, which is subsequently compiled to bytecode and converted by the JVM to meet the needs of various devices. As a result, a skilled java developer simply needs to write one code for all platforms.

Java is utilized in every industry you can think of, including eCommerce, IoT, finance, and big data, but it hasn’t yet achieved its peak in that field. CLU, Simula67, Lisp, Smalltalk, Ada, C++, C#, Eiffel, Mesa, Modula-3, Oberon, Objective-C, UCSD Pascal, Object Pascal were all influences on Java. Ada 2005, BeanShell, C#, Chapel, Clojure, ECMAScript, Fantom, Gambas, Groovy, Hack, Haxe, J#, Kotlin, PHP, Python, Scala, Seed7, Vala, JavaScript, JS++

.Net And Java Difference:

Factors .NET Java
Developer Microsoft Sun Microsystem
Stable Version 4.8.0 Build 3928 Java SE 17
File Extension .net java
Features ➤ Interoperability
➤ Common Language Runtime engine (CLR)
➤ Language independence
➤ Base Class Library
➤ Simplified deployment
➤ Security
➤ Portability
➤ Robust
➤ Architecture neutral
➤ Interpreted
➤ High Performance
➤ Multithreaded
➤ Distributed
➤ Dynamic
➤ Platform Independent
Efficiency Java gets converted to machine language only after execution of the code In .NET, the code is compiled and also run on the system where the code will be initiated
Server Components .NET, COM + Serviced EJBs
GUI Components .NET Class Java Beans
Talent Pool 38.4% of professional work with .NET 35.6% of professional work with  Java
Language Supports around 20 languages like: C#, VB.NET, C++, .NET, PHP, Ruby & more Java is a language by itself and doesn’t support any other language
Runtime CLR JVM
Platforms .NET, .NET core, ASP.NET, ASP.NET Core, Silverlight JavaSE, JavaEE
Data Access ADO.NET /OleDB JDBC
Messaging Queue MSMQ JMS (MQ Series, etc.), AMQP
LINQ Availability Supports LINQ Doesn’t support LINQ
Naming ADSI JNDI
XML System XML Xerces, Saxon, Jackson, and more.
HTTP Engine IIS Application Server  from Multiple Vendors, WebSphere, WebLogic, WildFly, Glassfish, Tomcat
Web services Support Built-in Built-in, JAX-WS
Unit Testing Microsoft Unit Testing Framework, JUnit JUnit
Web application Framework ASP.Net MVC, Spring.NET Spring, Spring Boot
Remoting SOAP,HTTP,DCOM RMI-over-IIOP
Web Service Support Built-in Add-on
Web Server Scripting ASP.NET JSF
Garbage Collection Provides efficient garbage collection compared to java Provides less efficient garbage collection than .NET
Architecture .NET supports disconnected architecture Java supports connected architecture.
Exception Handling Easier exception handling Harder Exception Handling
Community Support 12.6K stars and 2K stars and forks respectively on GitHub 11.6K stars and 2.9K stars and forks respectively on GitHub

Difference Between Java And Dotnet: Key Differences

The critical differences between .net vs java are shown here for your convenience.

Technical Comparison

Following are the technical comparison between .net vs java

.NET vs Java: Operating System

One of the most significant differences between Java and .NET is that Java, through its compiler and JRE, can operate on any operating system, as it adheres to the “write once, execute anywhere” approach. .NET, on the other hand, is limited to Windows and its various versions. Although there are a few open-source versions of .NET, they all cater to Windows users. Java’s code can run on any platform, thanks to the JVM. Java has a significant advantage over .NET since it is platform-independent and portable.

.NET vs Java: Integrated Development Environment

The Java IDE comprises three parts: a code editor, a compiler, and a debugger. Eclipse, Intellij Idea, Oracle NetBeans, and, in addition, an Oracle Jdeveloper that is specifically developed for this purpose makes writing and testing code easier. These IDEs include built-in plugins and auto-fill options, which can increase java’s versatility while also providing opportunities for creativity.

The .NET platform, on the other hand, comes with Visual Studio, which aids in the editing, building, and running customization of API behavior through the use of library macros. Apart from that, developers do not need to test IDEs and other tools ahead of time.

Java vs Dotnet: Support for Langugaes

One of the essential aspects of Java is that it uses a single language for all platforms. Nonetheless, the software may run on a variety of operating systems. Python, Ruby, Groovy, Scala, and Kotlin are all supported by Java.

The .NET framework, on the other hand, can support backend languages like C# and C++. It currently supports over 20 languages. This allows you to program in any programming language of your choice, including VB.NET, C#,.NET, Perl, and many others. It is, nevertheless, quite handy for producing specific code for the Windows platform only.

As a result, it is possible to conclude that. However, .NET provides a multi-programming environment but supports a single platform, whereas java is based on a single programming language that supports various environments.

.Net Vs Java: Performance

When it comes to performance, java’s syntax is developed from c and c++. Therefore the two languages have a lot in common. On the other hand, Java is platform-agnostic, meaning that its code can be run on any platform.

.NET, on the other hand, provides a general-purpose and straightforward programming language that includes type checking, array bounds, garbage collection, and uninitialized variable checks. This increases the endurance, robustness, and efficiency of your system. Only the features of unchecked and checked expectations are arrayed in Java.

Dotnet vs java: Speed of Coding

Although Java has different threads to make handling and processing sequences of instructions easier, .NET remain the leader in terms of coding speed. Because .NET is an object-oriented technology with reusable components, producing the same software in .NET takes less time than designing the same app in Java.

.Net Vs Java: Scalability

After the application is fully deployed, both technologies are among the most stable. As a result, both java and.net are frequently employed for the creation of complex enterprise-level applications.

.NET Vs Java: Learning Curve

Both .NET vs Java are easy to learn. But if compared, it can be a little overwhelming to learn Java given the length of the documentation, whereas learning .NET is comparatively simple.

.NET vs Java: Syntax

Following are the syntax of .NET and Java

.NET Syntax


using system;
namespace NAMESPACE_NAME
{
     class Program
     {
           static void Main(string[] args)
           {
                 Console.WriteLine("Content_you-want_to_display");
           }
     }
}

Java Syntax


public class class_name 
{
     public static void main(String[ ] args) 
     {
          System.out.println("Content_you-want_to_display");
     }
}

.NET vs Java: Security

In terms of comparing security, both technologies are secure. They support code signing and enforce an execution sandbox. Java is platform-agnostic, so the chances of security breaches are pretty high can be the reason for significant concern. Whereas, .NET provides more security than compared to java

.NET vs Java: Example

The following are the examples for .NET vs Java.

.NET

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Text;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
namespace ConsoleApp1
{
    class Program
    {
        static void Main(string[] args)
        {
             Console.WriteLine("Hello, world!");
             Console.ReadLine();
        }
   }
}

Java


/* This is a simple Java program.
FileName : "HelloWorld.java". */
public class HelloWorld 
{
     //Your program begins by calling the main().
     //Prints "Hello, World" to the terminal window.
     public static void main(String args[]) 
     {
          System.out.println("Hello World");
     }
}

.NET vs Java: Market Overview

The following points will give you the insight of:

.Net VS Java: Popularity

Let’s look at StackOverflow and Google Trends to discover how popular .NET vs Java is. Let’s start with a glance at their Google trends.

 Google Trends

java vs .net google trends

In Google trends, we can see the number of queries asked in the last 90 days. It can be seen that there is an average of 72 queries for java and 6 for . NET.

StackOver Flow

The below-mentioned graph gives an insight into the number of queries asked on the StackOverflow regarding both technologies.

.net vs java statistics

.NET vs JAVA: Market Share(As per SimilarTech)

java vs dotnet website count

java vs .net market share

.Net Vs Java: Salary( As per Glassdoor)

.Net Vs Java Salary Comparison

.NET

  • Web Developer – $70,863 /yr
  • Lead Web Developer – $90,508 /yr
  • Senior Web Developer – $1L /yr

Java

  • Junior Java Developer – $68,961 /yr
  • Intermediate Java Developer – $93,118 /yr
  • Senior Java Developer – $1L /yr

Java Vs .Net Job Opportunities

According to Indeed, there are 101,314 jobs for java developers, whereas for .NET developers, there are 37,004 jobs on indeed.

Java Vs .Net Usage Statistics

The following are the usage statistics of .net vs java according to the w3Tech.

Java Vs .Net Usage Statistics

This diagram shows that.

  • .NET is used by 8.1% of all the websites whose server-side programming language we know.
  • .NET is used by 10.3% of all the websites whose server-side programming language we know and that rank in the top 1,000,000 and so on.
  • Whereas 3.8% of all websites use java.
  • Java is used in 4.7% of all the websites that rank in the top 1,000,000.

This brings us to the end of the .net and java comparison. Let’s see which one is better in comparison.

.Net Vs Java: Which Is Better?

After going through the difference between the two technologies, let’s find out which one is better while comparing them.

When to use Java over .NET

  • Java is a free and open-source programming language.
  • It has a more significant development community, which means more help forums and documentation.
  • Java’s IDEs have more plugins, which saves a lot of time during development.
  • JVM (Java, Scala, Clojure, and other languages) is considerably more widely used.
  • Exceptions in Java are more manageable.
  • Java competes with IoT by providing extensive libraries for developing embedded apps.
  • Java is great for developing error-free enterprise software because it has a mature and tight structure and performs run-time checks.

When to use .NET over Java

  • .NET Framework is ideal for creating Windows-specific systems.
  • Allows developers to collaborate on the same project using different languages (C#, VB.NET, and C++).
  • Debugging is a breeze with .NET.
  • The deployment of .NET apps are swift and effortless.
  • The implementation of Ajax is basic and straightforward.
  • .NET is fantastic for creating user interfaces.
  • Azure is Microsoft’s cloud IoT and Big Data platform.

How to choose between .net vs java

  • When deciding between these two technologies, the primary consideration should be availability. It’s more difficult to find .NET developers than it is to find Java developers. You should also consider the infrastructure you have available to support the website or app you’re creating with .NET.
  • It is a widely held belief that .NET is better suited to developing enterprise-level applications when it comes to open-source compatibility, Java outperforms .NET in terms of interoperability.
  • As more businesses use open-source solutions, Java has surpassed .NET in popularity. However, it’s worth noting that Microsoft is attempting to close the gap by integrating with other open-source alternatives.
  • Another consideration while deciding between the two is the expense. If you’re going to use Windows-based solutions and other Microsoft products, .NET is the way to go. If you choose Java, though, you’ll need to figure out what additional tools you’ll need for your project.

Where to use Java

java

Java is a general-purpose programming language, which implies it may be used in a variety of fields:

  • Android Applications
  • Enterprise Applications (widely used in government and consequently on modern applications like Pinterest & Spotify)
  • Web Applications (Google Docs, Gmail)
  • Softwares (Eclipse, Jira)
  • Embedded system

Where to use .NET

.Net

  • Web Applications and Website
  • Client Applications
  • Gaming
  • Enterprise development

Also Check – Top Java Frameworks to Use in 2022

Companies using .Net And Java

Companies using java .Net

Java

  • Uber
  • Airbnb
  • LinkedIn
  • Pinterest
  • Instagram
  • Slack
  • Netflix
  • Google

.NET

  • Accenture
  • Microsoft
  • StackOverflow
  • Starbucks
  • GoDaddy
  • Agoda
  • accuRx
  • doubleSlash

Final Decision : .NET vs Java

To summarize, .NET and Java are not mutually exclusive. Because both platforms offer nearly identical functionality and target the same market, it all comes down to dedicated developer abilities, underlying infrastructure, interoperability needs, and end-user environments.

Both technologies are helpful for major enterprise-level projects and have comparable applications. Although Java offers a larger community, more documentation, a larger skill pool, and more career opportunities, .NET performs better and includes tools for complicated user interfaces.

Still having trouble deciding which technology is appropriate for your project?. Book a free consultation with our experts, ensuring that you are directed in the appropriate direction and that your project is taken care of.

Get in Touch!

Saurabh Barot

Saurabh Barot is co-founder and Experienced Chief Technology Officer at Aglowid IT Solutions. His deep industry experience in Angular, React, Ruby on Rails, PHP, Mean Stack and just to name few, has helped the company reach to a new level. He believes that technology is all about exploring new possibilities. Whatever a mind can think (exception can't be ruled out), technology brings it into reality.

Related Posts