Based on the interest, here is a graph explaining the performance of the two technologies over time.
Statista Says :
StackOverflow Report 2019
- Ease of learning
- Rich interfaces
- Fast speed
- Less load on the server
- Client-side security can get compromised
- Single inheritance is only possible
- Bitwise function is slow
- Browser support is not good enough
What is PHP?
PHP is a scripting language which is open source in nature. This language is used for carrying out server-side development. You can build interactive and dynamic websites using PHP. PHP code is placed within the HTML code within tags and so you can easily get in and out of it with ease.
In case of PHP, the code is executed on the server and then the resultant HTML code which is generated from the server is sent to the client. This way, the browser which is the client in here receives the result, but in all this process, the code which is underlying remains hidden. A PHP program can generate dynamic content for the page, collect form data as well as receive or send cookies. PHP codes are used in Command-Line Scripting, on the server-side as well as to code desktop applications. PHP runs on different Web Servers like IIS, Apache, and others as well as on all the major Operating Systems like Microsoft Windows, Linux, macOS, UNIX variants and RISC OS.
Here is a sample PHP code:
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Example</title> </head> <body> <?php echo "Hi, I'm a PHP script!"; ?> </body> </html>
Pros and cons of PHP
Pros of PHP are:
- Quickens custom web application development.
- Get web application maintenance simplified.
- Additional codes are not required.
- Efficiency to work with databases
- Common web development tasks get automated.
- Protects websites from attacks
- Efficiency in carrying out unit testing
- Web development cost stays under control
Cons of PHP are:
- Programmers need to know PHP frameworks
- Different frameworks have no same quality
- There is not much to be done to change the core behavior
- Speed and performance of websites get affected
|Latest Stable Release||ECMAScript 2018||PHP 7.3.6|
|Type of language||Client side scripting language||Server side scripting language|
|Case Sensitiveness||Case sensitive in function||No case sensitive to function|
|Performance||Faster with respect to PHP||Slow compared to JS|
|Complexity||JS is little bit complex||PHP is easy to use|
Rebuilding and customizing
When compared with Node.js, PHP is much simpler conceptually. In case of PHP, all you need is a
“.php” file which comes with some code that is wrapped within the tags of
<?php?>, when you are setting up the server. Then all you have to do is to enter the URL in your browser. Within the tags you can have any statement which can even be as simple as keeping
<?php echo ‘Hello World’;?>. What happens in here is that a web server which is installed with PHP will go ahead to interpret the file and once it is done, the browser will have web page displayed. The web server can be anything like MySQL. While in case of setting up a Node.js server, you will have to write more lines of code even though it is not a tough job. You will also have to put in some idea regarding how the call-back functions and closures work.
When to consider PHP?
You can choose PHP if your project is making use of:
- Servers like SQL, MySQL, Sybase, Oracle, Postgresql, and MariaDB.
- CMS solutions like Joomla, Drupal, or WordPress.
- Technology stack like LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP)
- Frontend technologies Ember.js, Angular JS, ReactJS, jQuery, Backbone.js, etc.
- Building dynamic single-page applications
- Server-side technologies like MongoDB, Node.js, Express.js, etc.
- Solution stacks like MEAN (Express.js, MongoDB, Angular JS)