Cracking Basics – An Ultimate Mean Stack Guide for a Developer

MEAN stack has taken the developing world by storm! This inspire us to fall a light on basics of Mean Stack Guide that helps a developer to understand the base of MEAN stack.

A myriad of bespoke features, benefits and an easy installing process is exactly what you need to be the master of MEAN stack development.

So, if you are a novice in this field, then this is the right place for you to start your journey in the sphere of MEAN stack development services.

Without further ado, take a look at what’s in store for you on this blog!

An ultimate MEAN stack Guide to Start with!

Mean Stack Guide

What is Mean Stack?

Mean stack refers to web development technology based on a JavaScript framework which includes MongoDB, ExpressJS, AngularJS & NodeJS. Mean is an acronym of these four developing technologies.

  1. MongoDB
  2. It is a cross-platform database which utilizes a model of document-oriented data in MEAN stack development and is one of the multifarious types of databases which arose under NoSQL banner in mid-2000s. In relational databases, instead of applying rows and tables, MongoDB is constructed on the architecture of documents as well as collections.

    Several reasons why it is used:

    • Data stored in JSON style
    • High availability and replication
    • Rich queries
    • Index on attributes
    • Fast updates
    • Auto-sharding
    • MongoDB’s professional assistance
    mongoDB

    People usually hire MEAN stack developers for their exceptional skills in MongoDB.

  3. ExpressJS
  4. This framework is a flexible and minimal Node.js application which offers you resilient features for your web and mobile apps. Express.js, as well as Node.js, renders JavaScript with innovative functionality on the back-end. It allows developers in building software keeping JavaScript on the server side. It is Node.js’ common server framework.

    This combination opens up possibilities for JavaScript to construct an entire site. Professional MEAN stack developers can create apps on the server-side with Node.js, and then publish these Node.js applications as websites with ExpressJS.

    ExpressJS

  5. AngularJS
  6. Using MEAN stack development services, dynamic web apps can be built using a structural framework called AngularJS. It offers you HTML as the template language and allows you to extend HTML’s syntax for expressing components of your applications succinctly.

    This framework’s dependency injection along with data binding, abolishes a large portion of code which you would have required to write otherwise. Moreover, everything takes place within the browser that makes it the ultimate partner with all server technologies.

    Angular Js

  7. NodeJS
  8. Node.js refers to the cross-platform, runtime environment which executes along with the server-side JavaScript code. While for scripting on client-side, JavaScript is used; Node.js lets programmers deploy JavaScript for scripting on the server side as well. It results in constructing dynamic web application before a web page is sent to the browser of a user.

    Thus, Node.js displays a paradigm “everywhere JavaScript.” It unifies the development of web apps around one programming language instead of using different languages for client as well as server side scripts.

    NodeJS

Okay, that’s the overview of unique features each of this technologies have.

But do you know why to use these technologies in a Stack?

To understand it from this MEAN stack Guide, let’s start with its best features…

MEAN stack Best Features

Some specific feature you should be aware of prior to harnessing MEAN stack development for your next project are as follows.

  1. Completely Based on JavaScript
  2. The standard reason for you to prefer MEAN stack over its substitutes is due to its “single language multiple implementation” policy. Since everything is coded in JavaScript; your MEAN stack development process becomes neat.

    In respect to this, Node.js makes it possible for JavaScript to be implemented on server-side. Moreover, AngularJS uses JavaScript on front-end developing process, which allows you reusability of code, thereby making your development platform independent.

  3. JSON
  4. MEAN stack development primarily utilizes JSON for interchanging data on all layers. This means you can be independent of using libraries for data conversion during server-client side interactions. Hence, it works for exterior application programming interfaces (API) without much hassle.

  5. Free & Open Source
  6. Each technology which is used by professional MEAN stack developers is always free as well as open source. It allows you several benefits;

    The best feature. Isnt’it?

    Get your hands on any upgrade or development contributed by its extensive community of programmers.

  7. Dependency Injection
  8. Courtesy to dependency injection, components receive their personalized dependencies instead of inter-component coding requirements.

    The process makes these components maintainable, testable and reusable and is a form of an extensive technique of control inversion. This feature is essential due to the following benefits:

    • It allows clients to be flexible which aids a developer to configure them easily.
    • This can be applied to externalizing configuration details of a system which allows a framework to reconfigure without any need for recompilation.
    • The pattern does not induce a behavioral alteration of previous codes and thus can be applied as refactoring to legacy coding.
    • Boiler plate code reduction in ‘application objects’ as ‘provider components’ handle setting up or initializing dependencies.
    • It allows independent or concurrent development.
    Dependency Injection

  9. Two Way Data Binding
  10. Data binding in MEAN stack development is the integration between view and model in AngularJS.

    When there is a change in data of a model, the view reflects it.

    However, when a data in ‘View layer’ transforms, the model gets updated.

    This is an automatic process that makes sure Model and View are updates continually.

    2-Way Data Binding - AngularJs

  11. Compatible with Cloud & Third Party
  12. React does not work with Document Object Model (DOM) because it is the wholesome logic of JavaScript. AngularJS in MEAN stack would have done better, if not Typescript that requires type definitions for every library. However, libraries based on DOM have alternatives in ReactJS.

    If your project needs cloud compatibility within an app, MongoDB is an ideal option.

    Having MongoDB cloud offers easy development and maintaining efficacies; thereby wading off the need of MongoDB in your work and allows MEAN stack development to save disk space.

    Cloud Compatibility

  13. Supports MVC Pattern
  14. MVC (Model-View-Controller) refers to the architectural pattern which is utilized for building UI (User Interface) where an application is divided into three distinct interconnected parts. This approach allows separating internal information in ways it is accepted and presented to users. MVC pattern decouples such major components which allow parallel MEAN stack development as well as reusing codes efficiently.

  15. Scalability
  16. Angular is easy to scale because of the powerful command line interface in comparison to React.

How to Get Started with MEAN stack?

If you are a novice in the MEAN stack development field, then you should know exactly how to get started. Following a series of pointers below in this MEAN Stack guide, you will accumulate the info about how to install MEAN stack on your computer or laptop.

The first thing to ponder on while opting for MEAN stack development services is LAMP stack; fluency in JavaScript is your only necessity here. One language rules it all when it comes to MEAN stack development.

  1. Installing MongoDB
  2. Below you will get the information of installing MongoDB in detail on your Windows, Linux and Mac OS X platform.

    Have a look!

    1. Windows Platform
    2. Before the beginning MEAN stack developing process, installing MongoDB is required. You need to download the correct archive version for your system.

      Unpack file from the archive and transfer the downloaded file to C:\mongodb. It creates a default folder for storing its files. On Windows system default space is C:\data\db, hence, to create a new folder you should go to C:\ using command prompt and execute a short line C:\>mkdir data\db

      After these you get two options:

      Install mongoDB

      • Manual Running:
      • Run MongoDB binary code by executing a line in command prompt; C:\>mongodb\bin\mongod.exe This will start service of MongoDB on 27017 default port, and if you follow all the specifications correctly, then should see console output.

      • Running as Windows Service:

      This happens to be a favourable solution for professional MEAN stack developers as you don’t need to start manually MongoDB service every time you require rebooting your laptop or desktop, rather Windows start is automatically after it finishes rebooting. To execute, make a log file first with the command – C:\>mkdir C:\mongodb\log

    3. Mac OS X and Linux Platform
    4. Same as the Windows version you need to download the version suitable for your computer and then move the file to another location you want before the start of MEAN stack developing process. The location /data/dbis default, on Mac OS X and Linux machines. Create a new folder using a tool through a command line:
      S mkdir –p /data/db

    However, you need to do it with sudo command due to denied or error in permission. The flag (-p),makes parent folder so in above command line both db and data folders were created.

    $ sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 --recv EA312927

    Since default storing space is not present in your home folder, you need to be sure about setting right permissions for this directory by executing the command:

    $ sudochown –R #USER /data/db.

  3. Installing NodeJS
  4. The three platforms need different installing procedure for MEAN stack development.

    See below for details!

    1. Windows and Mac OS X
    2. Installing Node.js is easy for Windows and Mac OS X. All you need for Windows is the .msi file and for Mac OS X .pkg file and simply follow the step by step instructions after running the installer.

      NodeJs Install

    3. Linux Platform
    4. When using a Linux system for MEAN stack development services, you need to download .tar.gz file from the official downloads page which is compatible with your desktop. Now extract files from the archive and start installing it using following commands:

      $ tar –zxf node-v0.10.32.tar.gz

      $ cd node-v0.10.32

      $ ./configure && make &&sudo make install

      After this, you will have a successful installation of Node.js

  5. Installing ExpressJS
  6. To install ExpressJS all you need to do is execute:
    Install Bower and open
    $ npm install express

    NPM is a package manager of Node.js which is a registry for public packs when opting for MEAN stack development services.

    When starting a project, you should create a package.json file using a shortcut

    $ npminit

    Install expressJS

    Here, you will be asked some questions about the application which will create the required file. When installing a new package, you can save it automatically as dependency package.json file using – save flag.

    $ npm install express –save

  7. Installing AngularJs
  8. Before using MEAN stack development services, to install all you need is to open a project where you will use AngularJs.

    Note: Install as well as configure it after the downloading process is completed.

    Install Bower and open the embedded terminal. Type “bower install angular” at command prompt for installing a package in the current project. After following all this procedure mentioned in this Mean stack guide, you are ready to use MEAN stack development services for your application.

Benefits of Using MEAN stack for Application Development

Several benefits of using MEAN stack development for applications due to following reasons:

Benefits of Using MEAN stack for Application Development

  1. Easy Notification Receiving
  2. Using MEAN stack development services allows you to build an app which helps in developing the ideal application for mobile. If people can open a website from their phones, receiving notifications becomes easy for the clients.

  3. Interactive as well as Fun
  4. Building an app, using this framework is an ideal option as it helps in making user experience fun and interactive. Moreover, availability of mobile applications reduces effort which transpires in an exponential demand of professional Mean stack developers.

  5. Apps Work Fast
  6. MEAN stack development allows you to build an app which performs fast. Mobile apps retrieve data swiftly as data is stored locally on phones. Moreover, you can use this framework to get hybrid apps with a native element which allows it to be fluid and fast.

  7. More Traffic through Mobile Application
  8. Google has stated that, people nowadays use phones for surfing the internet than laptops or other devices. So, it is essential for professional Mean stack developers like.

  9. Better Personalization
  10. You can use the framework to get the best personalized app using MEAN stack development services. These features and properties aid in building a reliable cross-platform app with ideal UI when using the React Native framework.

This is the quick summary of benefits in this MEAN stack Guide. But we had already detailed it in our previous blog.

Read More : Benefits of Mean stack

Due to such reasons, people opt to hire MEAN stack developers for an ideal outcome of a project.

Benefits of Using MEAN stack for Web Development

The below points throws light on why using MEAN stack development is the preferable option for you. Read along!

Benefits Of Using MEAN Stack For Web Development

  1. Usability and Speed –
  2. Node.js architecture is non-blocking and makes it ultra-fast while AngularJS offers testability, maintenance and re usability.

  3. Easy to Learn –
  4. MEAN stack developing process is easy and flexible for you to grasp and understand the concept and also implementing it during development.

  5. Usage of Single Language –
  6. JavaScript is the only language one needs to know to when working with MEAN stack.

  7. Open Source Platform –
  8. It is an open source platform which means the stack is often updated.

  9. Isomorphic Coding –
  10. MEAN stack allows transfer in between frameworks. MEAN stack development needs codes written in a specific framework and want to transfer it to another one; then you can do it easily. They function in the same way too. This is the reason you should use MEAN stack development services for your future projects rather than other applications.

  11. Massive Library –
  12. Node.js offers you multiple variant modules of JavaScript from its enormous library. Such modules are the reason which makes it easy for you to build web applications with this framework.

  13. Quality UI –
  14. If you use MEAN stack development then the top-notch user interface is guaranteed because it supports MVC (Model View Controller) architecture.

  15. Flexible Structure –
  16. MongoDB provides professional MEAN stack developers with a flexible document structure JSON for all data representation. This is great if you are working on large projects.

  17. Cloud Compatible –
  18. MongoDB’s primary aim was to easily host web applications onto the cloud. Hence, MEAN stack developing process is an ideal choice for you to construct applications which need functions of cloud within it. It also eases maintaining and testing performance.

  19. Cost Effective –
  20. Using MEAN stack developing process is cost-friendly due to the need of using just one language.

Read More : 7 Reasons To Choose MEAN Stack For Web Applications

Process of MEAN stack Web Application Development

As a developer, you should follow a few processes to get the ultimate results from MEAN stack development. Before starting a project using MEAN stack development services, you should go through these.

    Process Of MEAN Stack Web Application Development

  1. Feasibility
  2. In this step, you need to pinpoint the requirements to complete the project fluidly using MEAN stack development. Once this step is successful, you need to move on to the next step of gathering all the required items.

  3. Required Framework/Software
  4. You like professional MEAN stack developers need to gather the entire four frameworks MongoDB, ExpressJS, NodeJS,andAngularJS. These will help you build the type of web as well as mobile application.

  5. Developing an App
  6. The primary aim you have behind gathering all the required framework is to develop a customized application which is bug-free. Using MEAN stack development makes it easy to complete the work in less time.

  7. Testing and Debugging
  8. Like professional Full stack developers, you need to test the application for errors post completion. MEAN offers various ways for you to test it before final delivery.

  9. Delivery and Maintenance
  10. After testing and making it free of bugs, you can deliver it to the client and also maintain it at regular interval for smooth functioning using MEAN stack development services.

    Mean Stack development allows so many options that you will not need anything else to build web or mobile applications.

That’s all for this article…

We are pretty much sure that you had earned something valuable from this ultimate MEAN stack guide. If you did stuck at some point, then you can ask us for help…We are happy to help you.
Also Comment your valuable feedback and suggestions, so that we can share more such informative blogs with you.

Avatar for Ronak Patel

Ronak Patel

Ronak Patel is a CEO and Founder of Aglowid IT Solutions, an ever-emerging Top Web and Mobile Development company with a motto of turning clients into successful businesses. He believes that Client's success is company's success and so that he always makes sure that Aglowid helps their client's business to reach to its true potential with the help of his best team with the standard development process he set up for the company.

Why should you use MEAN stack development for your business web applications?

Even after so many years that MEAN stack development has been in the IT industry; many people are still in doubt and ask Why use Mean Stack for their business.

If you are planning to develop web applications for your company, full stack MEAN stack web development is the ‘next best tool’ nowadays.

It’s a whole collection of technologies based on JavaScript and is highly result oriented.

Why Use Mean Stack Development

Benefits of MEAN stack development

The most significant benefits are its simplicity and a very conventional structure. But it brings along others as well.

It is flexible

It is highly flexible and easy to work on.

If you want to add some personal information, you can simply do that just by adding a field to that form and following the next few procedures mentioned.

MEAN stack allows us to test web applications after their development and host them in cloud quite conveniently.

Allows isomorphic coding

Now, what does that mean? Suppose, we are writing the code in one framework, we can easily place it in another framework.

It will function in the same way. This makes this cutting age technology highly reliable, once again.

It’s JavaScript everywhere

The most important advantage of using this technology for your web apps is that in both client and server side, JavaScript is used for the entire coding.

And this makes it a better choice than LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL, PHP) for developers.

Read More : MEAN Stack Vs LAMP Stack

 
Apart from these, MEAN is a cost effective option for businesses as you don’t have to hire separate programmers to work on various technologies.

Most importantly, you can save a lot of time.

Here are some more reason. Why use Mean Stack

  1. MEAN stack development used for web applications ensures better user experience.You can easily reach out to your potential target group.
  2. Again, this reliable JavaScript developer helps to manage your data on their own. You don’t need to have them in any single format.
  3. In the presence of schemas, data recovery becomes faster with MEAN.
  4. It offers a higher capacity of handling your company’s data efficiently and safely.
  5. Node.js in MEAN helps develop highly scalable applications that are likely to receive more web traffic.
  6. With the web, companies can have a very powerful platform for their web applications.

Creating web applications using full stack MEAN stack development will reduce the hassle of manual tasks a lot.

Once you hire experienced MEAN stack consulting services, the professionals will guide you with how this platform will help you to boost your company online.

MEAN stack development involving MongoDB is the future! Know more!

Let’s make things simple. Consider a coffee mug. Whether you pour coffee or tea, there will always be a particular limit.

If, by any chance, you want some more beverage, you either have to get a bigger mug or compromise on your desire.

But can you do the same when you want your business to expand? Will you halt your company’s growth just because your database server is full?

This is where MEAN stack development using MongoDB comes in.

What is MongoDB?

It’s free as well as open source and a cross-platform NoSQL software.

MongoDB is that endless coffee mug that you can go on filling without having to worry about an overflow.

Unlike relational databases that deal with a complex structure of tables and rows and columns, this document-oriented database involves a stack of documents.

Technically speaking, MongoDB stores information in the form of documents.

It depends on the underlying structure of documents to extract information – a concept known as a key-value store.

MEAN stack development using MongoDB allows you to handle a bulk of data with agility and make your database management more performance oriented.

mongoDB

Why choose MongoDB at all?

Certainly, the next question arises by go for this NoSQL program at all? Well, typically there are four main reasons –

  1. Multiple servers –
  2. Or five and more coffee mugs to satiate your hot beverage desire. MongoDB makes use of multiple servers to store your information.

    This enables you to expand without having to worry about an additional storage plant.

    Then again, with numbers come complexities. Here, a reputed MongoDB development company can help you out.

    Multiple Servers

  3. Open-source –
  4. And this makes it even cheaper. It means almost any developer can develop, fix and maintain your whole database. You run into some trouble; all people need to do is contact the fathers or put a query in MongoDB forums. This allows a MongoDB Development Company to come up with your application in minimum time and gets your business online in no time.

  5. Cloud based –
  6. Right! Again, no expensive servers and no complex data centers.

    All your data is uploaded into the cloud and saves you additional cost.

    MEAN stack development with MongoDB stores data in commodity servers, quite similar to these large e-commerce sites.

    Now imagine just the bulk of data they handle every day!

    Cloud Compatibility

  7. Quick Response –
  8. Which the company declares as their tagline – Agile! Being document oriented, access of data is way faster than the complex tabular network of a database management system.

    This makes your application “agile”, irrespective of the bulk of data that it is handling.

    Also, modeling data is simpler using MongoDB that increases productivity to a large extent.

Is MEAN Stack Development Good for E-commerce?

Well, you bet it is. However, before we get into that, lets first figure out what MEAN stack essentially is.

MongoDB like other NoSQL databases allows us to create custom data structures as and when we need it.

It has a JSON-style document development approach that’s scalable and flexible from the very moment of initiation.

MongoDB along with other JavaScript tools such as ExpressJS, AngularJS running on Node.js make for a powerful web development platform.

Now when it comes to running an online business, there is a constant rundown of prerequisites that need addressing. These prerequisites need to be adaptable such that they can be adjusted.

Where MEAN Stack comes in is that it lets you meet all of your prerequisites on time and use JS to prepare responsive solutions.

Most e-commerce websites tend to have many categories. These could include items, prices, reviews, comments, etc. In such a scenario, it is indeed good to go with MEAN stack development.

MEAN Stack for eCommerce Development

However, if your e-commerce site has a lot of many to many relations in its database design, then MongoDB might not be the best solution.

What is a many to many relationship in database design, you ask?

Simply put, it is the type of relationship between two tables in a database where each of them has multiple records. However, MongoDB works fine in this respect for e-commerce projects.

In fact, the most common point that gets highlighted in respect to e-commerce is that MongoDB offers a flexible schema.

But why is flexible schema integral to e-commerce?

Open source platforms, in their very essence must adapt to different designs, response integration and business processes.

Now with a flexible schema, the developer can equate custom data structures with the existing model of the framework. This makes it a lot easier for them to integrate new features.

Alternatively, when the cost of coming up with a feature and maintaining it are too high, companies tend to give up on it.

Other than these factors, there are some more things that explain why e-commerce companies hire MEAN stack developer.

Chief among them is the fact it makes switching between client and server sides much easier.

Since MEAN uses JS as the common language for all of its interconnected technologies, the developer can move from server-side development to client side faster.

This is known as isomorphic coding.

“It saves a lot of time in the development stage that can be utilised during QA or unit testing.”

In fact, MEAN stack Development supports Automated Testing

This means that a developer will be able to test his code during development itself and find out if a feature breaks down.

Additionally, MEAN also supports MVC architecture.

Model View Controller is a blueprint for the architectural design of implanting user interface.

Incorporating MVC architecture ensures the separation of your company’s internal information with the information users will see.

This is an extremely important feature while developing an e-commerce.

These sites have a lot of information stored about the buyer and several processes that need to be kept separate from what the buyer gets to see.

MVC - Mean Stack

You must also hire MEAN stack developer for it will ensure the quickest way to developing an MVP.

A minimum viable product is one that your company will put out with only its essential features.

Not only does this allow for early engagement with customers but you can also use their feedback to make corrections.

The fast nature of a MEAN framework ensures that this happens in the fastest possible time.

Finally and essentially, MEAN is a big open-source community.

Therefore, it becomes easier for developers to know about the latest updates and bug fixes.

One Google search will tell you about the helpfulness and enthusiasm that open-source communities share. This will work well for the developers working on your e-commerce project.

In fact, tech giants like eBay and PayPal use Node.js as well.

All of these factors only prove the reliability of MEAN stack and how it isn’t such a bad idea to use for e-commerce.

Let us know in the comments if we missed out on any important points.

Do you need a consulting service and developers?

Not everyone who claims to be professionals can develop result driven websites or apps.

You need an experienced, reliable and trusted company like Aglowid IT Solutions.

They have been successfully working with small to large companies, offering top notch solutions.

In fact, if you still confused about Why use Mean Stack and want a more personalized service for your project, you can choose from their team and hire developers. They will solely work on your venture.

Won’t it be a great option? Well, to clear all your doubts, why not email them at sales@aglowiditsolutions.com?

You can take a 3 days trial on MEAN stack development as well. Make your investments wisely!

Avatar for Ronak Patel

Ronak Patel

Ronak Patel is a CEO and Founder of Aglowid IT Solutions, an ever-emerging Top Web and Mobile Development company with a motto of turning clients into successful businesses. He believes that Client's success is company's success and so that he always makes sure that Aglowid helps their client's business to reach to its true potential with the help of his best team with the standard development process he set up for the company.

Rated 5 / 5.0 by 500+ Aglowid IT Solutions Clients on over 750+ Projects